Fluids are practically incompressible and cannot therefore store pressure energy. The compressibility of a gas is utilised in hydraulic accumulators for storing fluids. HYDAC diaphragm accumulators are based on this principle, using nitrogen as the compressible medium.
A diaphragm accumulator consists of a fluid section and a gas section with the diaphragm acting as the gas-proof screen. The gas section is pre-charged with nitrogen.
The fluid section is connected to the hydraulic circuit so that the diaphragm accumulator draws in fluid when the pressure increases and the gas is compressed. When the pressure drops, the compressed gas expands and forces the stored fluid into the circuit. Set into the base of the diaphragm is a valve poppet. This shuts off the hydraulic outlet when the accumulator is completely empty and thus prevents damage to the diaphragm.
- Welded pressure vessel, rechargeable on the gas side or, alternatively completely sealed
- Fluid connection available in various types
- Flexible diaphragm to separate the fluid and gas sections
- Valve poppet set into the base of the diaphragm